Administrative center: Cheremshan
Area: 1364.28 sq.km
The life in Cheremshan is quiet and measured. The warm Southern hospitality, optimism and love for their land of its people are known far beyond the boundaries of the rayon. In the 18th century the rayon formed the southern border of the Russian state.
Located in the south of Tatarstan, Cheremshansky rayon in the west has Aksubayevsky rayon as its neighbor, in the north-west, Novosheshminsky, in the north-east, Almetyevsky, in the south-east, Leninogorsky, in the south-west, Nurlatsky, and in the south, Shentalinsky rayon of Samara oblast. The rayon consists of 18 rural settlements, which comprise 48 smaller locations. It is home to people of different nationalities: Tatars, Chuvash, Russians and Mordovians.
The Tsar’s decree of 1652 authorized the construction of Trans-Kama Abatis Line on the lands of the modern Cheremshansky rayon. The system of fortifications intended "to protect Trans-Kama from thieving people and rebels...", as well as from the raids of nomadic tribes. In 1732 -1736, Cheremshansky and Sheshminsky forts were built. Hence the rampart on the rayon’s coat of arms: “gules, a bottom vert, a rampart argent built of irregular stones with an arch, on the wall, an owl argent". The fort wall symbolizes reliability, strength and autonomy of the rayon. The owl, a traditional allegory of vigilance, insight and wisdom, adds to the borderlands imagery. The open gate or archway hints at the hospitality and kindness of local residents. In heraldry, argent (silver) is a metal symbolizing nobility, purity and generosity.
The red color (gules) stands for courage, work, festivity and beauty, while vert (green), for agriculture, fertility, nature and life.
The oilers of Cheremshan have come to play an important role in the socio-economic development of the rayon. The annual output of oil in the rayon has reached 1.3 million metric tons. However, agriculture remains the leading sector of its economy is still agriculture. The cultivated crops include spring and winter wheat, winter rye, barley, oats, buckwheat, peas, sugar beets and potatoes. Livestock breeding is focused on meat and dairy cattle, swine and sheep.
In recent years, the cultural face of the rayon has significantly improved. An ice arena has been built here, as well as a stadium, children's art school, new culture, healthcare and youth centers, dozens of gyms and a shopping mall.
Since 1985, the local memorial center has been actively looking for historical documents to recover the names of those missing, murdered or repressed during the revolution, Civil war and Stalinist purges. Over the almost twenty years of its existence, more than a thousand people have sought information about their ancestors, relatives and fellow villagers whose names have now been cleared from all suspicion.
Staffmembers of the Cheremshan History Museum concentrate on research and exhibition work. The museum’s main theme is “Man in history." While some are trying to find an answer to the question whether a person can influence the course of history or it is history which fully controls human destiny, the museum offers an opinion of its own. As it can be seen from life narratives featured at the museum, everyone makes their own choice. The museum’s collections have over 3,600 exhibits displayed in 11 rooms. The exposition tells of the developments in the life and culture of Cheremshan and its residents over various periods of its history.
The birth rate in Cheremshan increases each year, which is a sure sign that living standards are high here and people live quiet and safe lives. 24 pre-school institutions open their doors to more than 800 children of the rayon. Cheremshansky rayon, like other rayons of Tatarstan, has recently reorganized its educational system: five elementary schools became branches of comprehensives, and five secondary schools were reorganized as comprehensive. Free school buses take rural students to school and back every day.
Outside of the classroom, there are many things to do and many ways to develop one’s talents for rural school students: in addition to the children's art school, local clubs offer various amateur study programs. In Lashmanka, Old Kadeyevo and Ulyanovka children can go for a dance class, Lashmanka and Old Utyamysh offer accordion and applied art classes, and the village of Karamyshevo, a theater class. The rayon’s House of Culture hosts the preliminary stages of the Yoldyzlyk/Sozvezdiye (Constellation) youth pop music festival, which enjoys patronage from the President of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Both children and adults love taking part in regional and national festivals, contests and competitions. Performing bands from Cheremshansky rayon are known far beyond its boundaries. Among them are the Umyrzaya and Ilham vocal bands; the local Tatar folk theater; Pilesh Chuvash folk ensemble; Umarina, its Mordovian counterpart; Fantasy folk music band; Veseloye Detstvo (Happy Childhood) choreographic ensemble, and the Vesennyaya Kapel (Spring Thaw) vocal ensemble. A few years ago, the rayon got its own brass band.
Residents of Cheremshan are keen on keeping fit and healthy. They have every prerequisite for that. Statistics shows that more than 5,000 people in the rayon go in for sports.
There are dozens of sport and fitness facilities in the area which are never empty, such as the multipurpose sporting center with a swimming pool and a 2,000-seat stadium, or the Yubileyny Ice Arena. Their doors are always open not only to people of Cheremshan, but also to visitors from the neighboring rayons of Tatarstan and Samara oblast, the rayon’s usual partner in friendly matches and training sessions. The sporting center offers classes in football, indoor soccer, swimming, weightlifting, volleyball and basketball.
In 2010, the village of Lashmanka was the first to get a swimming pool right at the local school. After the renovation, the pool and gyms became available to school students, which immediately improved their results at inter-school contests and other competitions.
The Stalniye Sovy (Steel Owls), Cheremshan and Avangard ice hockey clubs, as well as the local Cheremshan FC, have won medals at regional-level tournaments. Also popular is Koresh, the Tatar-Bashkir wrestling.
Cheremshansky rayon frequently hosts massive wellness, sporting and awareness-raising events, such as sports days, festivals, days and decades of health and sports. This large-scale work is aimed at improving the quality of life in the rayon, which has conspicuously improved due to these efforts.