Administrative center: Nurlat
Area: 2308.95 sq.km
A hundred and three years is old age for a man, but only a start of a glorious history for a town. Both Nurlat itself and the rayon are rapidly growing and developing. This is the place where they love speed.
One of the southernmost regions of Tatarstan is located 220 km south of Kazan, on the border with the Samara oblast.
The history of the area goes far back to the Bolgar times. Remains of Novoalmetyevskoe and Novoamzinskoe settlements stand as silent witnesses of these days. After the fall of the Kazan Khanate, the area became the destination for many refugees, who started such Tatar villages as Burmetyevo, Kurmanayevo, Verkhny and Nizhny Nurlat, Savinovo, Stepnoye Ozero, Chulpanovo. Next to them, Chuvash settlements appeared: Bilyar-Ozero, Yelaur, Yegorkino, Vishnyovaya Polyana, Starye Chelny.
Nurlat railway station was built in 1909 during the construction of the Volga-Bugulma railroad. In the same year, the first two houses were built in Nurlat. 20 years later, in August 1929, Nurlat Station superseded Yegorkino as the local administration center.
In 1930 Nurlat was promoted to the center of Oktyabrsky rayon, in 1961, it received the town status, and in 1997, the rayon was finally renamed from Oktyabrsky to Nurlatsky by the decree of the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Nurlatsky rayon is located in the south of Tatarstan and borders on Alkeyevsky rayon in the west, Alekseyevsky, in the north, Aksubayevsky and Cheremshansky, in the east. In the south, the rayon’s neighbor is Samara oblast.
Back in 1951, when the rayon was still known as Oktyabrsky, Nurlat did not look especially impressive. One of local residents recalls in his memoirs "villages with thatched roofs, kerosene lamps, fields overgrown with wild oats, providing no more than 5 or 6 hundredweights of grain per hectare, and the unprepossessing building of the Nurlat station, built before the revolution and surrounded with old bunkhouses."
During the hundred years of its history, the rayon has managed to take the lead in grain production both in Tatarstan and throughout Russia. Love of their native land and hard work is in the blood of its residents. During World War II, Stalin sent a telegram to the collective farmers of Oktyabrsky rayon to thank them for 12,566 pouds (about 207 tons) of grain they have donated to the Red Army Support Funded Army and 4,000 pouds (66 tons) as their gift for industrial workers. The telegram from the Commander-in-Chief conveyed "fraternal greetings and gratitude on behalf of the Red Army." People of Nurlat are known not only for a love of peasant labor, but their unstoppable dash in every action.
On the rayon’s coat of arms you can see the "sun horse," as it is affectionately referred to by residents of the rayon. And this should not come as a surprise to anyone. Horse racing is the favorite sport and a passion of Nurlat. It is here, at the rebuilt Nurlat stud, that English thoroughbreds have been reintroduced. The English thoroughbreds of Nurlat have taken many prizes at numerous races in Russia, Hungary, France and Ireland. The stud has its own purebred stallions and dams. Nurlat racehorses won their first victories on the racetracks of Kazan, Pyatigorsk and Samara. And according to one version, the name of the city Nurlat translated from Tatar as "radiant (solar) horse."
The names of Nurlat’s famous residents and natives prove that the love of movement and high speeds iis inborn here. Galimzyan Husainov and Nikolai Osyanin were nationally renowned football players. The founder of Tatar professional theater Gabdulla Kariyev was born in the rayon as well. His native village of Kulbayevo-Marasa now features his museum.
Residents of Nurlat like being the first in everything. No matter whether it is sport or economics, they are never going to yield. It was in Nurlat that the first sugar factory in Tatarstan was built. Using locally-grown beetroot, it now produces up to 36 tons of sugar annually. The rayon also features an elevator holding 95,000 tons of grain.
The main source of revenue for the rayon treasury is oil extraction. The rayon has had 50 years of history of oil surveying and extraction.
Since the start of commercial oil production in 1979, the oilers of the rayon have produced and shipped more than 55 million tons of oil from 14 developed oil fields.
Friendly and hard-working residents, a great location, beautiful environment and favorable climate help people of Nurlat maintain the status of an area attractive for investors. The atmosphere of political and social stability helps create the most favorable legal and tax climate for investors, who also like the availability of skilled manpower.
NB The main street of Nurlat bears the name of Hero of Socialist Labor Gabbas Kiyamovich Gimatdinov, the legendary administrator who has been head of the rayon for more than twenty years.
At the moment, the most efficient strategy is to invest in industry, agriculture, construction and technology.
It is important to note that in their striving for leadership and victory, people of Nurlat never lose their charm and hospitality. Tatarstan’s favorite festival, the Sabantui, is held here on a grand scale:
the Maidan (the village commons where the celebration happens) is split into stylized Tatar and Russian areas. Both “ethnic villages” offer a rich feast to the visitors, the “caravan from the East’ attracts guests with the odor of pilaf and dances with fire, the Chuvash “village” offers to taste the ethnic foods, and the little Ukrainian “farm” smells of dumplings and borscht.
Another local tradition is hosting a Russia-wide “Uyav” National Day of Chuvash culture.
Nurlatsky rayon represents Tatarstan in “visiting Sabantuis” in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Tyumen and Aktobe (Kazakhstan).
So if you love speed and yearn for drive, welcome to Nurlatsky rayon! People here know how to really enjoy life, appreciate strong-minded and strong-willed people and always run against the wind.