Administrative center: Novosheshminsk
Area: 131.752 sq.km
There is a place in Tatarstan which very name suggests an abundance of clear springs spurting from underground: Novosheshminsk, or Yanga Chishme, translates from Tatar as "a new spring".
Novosheshminsky is one of the centrally located and the oldest rayons in Tatarstan. In the north, it borders on Nizhnekamsky, in the east, on Almetyevsky, on the south, on Cheremshansky and Aksubayevsky, and on the west, on Chistopolsky rayon. Its administrative center, Novosheshminsk, is believed to have been founded in 1610. But people have been settling here much earlier than that. The military conflict of mid- and later 16th century pushed the indigenous people of the Middle Volga region (first of all, Tatars) further into the Trans-Kama region. In early 17th century, Russians followed them, trying to escape feudal oppression, or as imperial agents. Russian villages grew side by side with the Tatar ones. These fertile lands were not safe from attacks of the nomadic peoples of the South. To protect Trans-Kama, a series of forts and an abatis line was constructed. In 1652 a military fort rose on the steep right bank of the Sheshma, surrounding by slobody (settlements) â€” Petropavlovka, Ekaterinovka, Cheryomukhovo, Arkhangelskoe and Volchya. The remains of an old earthen rampart can still be seen on the left bank of the river Sheshma. The locals know it as Barsuchy (Badger) Ridge. However, the Old Trans-Kama Abatis line was many times broken through. Troops of Khan Abulhair of the Minor Kirghiz Horde captured and burned Novosheshminsk. After that, the Russian government decided to build a new abatis line along the Kama. The new defense line was constructed between April 1732 and summer 1736, and included, among others, Cheremshansky fort on the river of the same name and Sheshminsky feldschanz. To enhance the local self-defense, the Sheshminsky and Bilyarsky land militia regiments were established.
The rayon has more than twenty historical sites, including the remains of Tubylgy Tau settlement (located to the south-east from its modern village namesake), which is listed as a federal-level landmark of cultural heritage.
It is only natural that the return to traditional spiritual and moral values increases the level of modern societyâ€™s responsibility for its cultural and historical environment. Over the last decade, a lot of work has been done to restore or recreate the rayonâ€™s cultural heritage.
Any piece of is famous not just for its beauty or rich natural resources, but above all for its famous sons and daughters. Novosheshminsky rayon is no exception. It cherishes the memories of our eminent compatriots who were born or lived on its territory. Some of them were valiant warriors, such as Fyodor Petrovich Savelyev, Hero of the Soviet Union, born in Petropavlovskaya Sloboda;
Gabdulla Minnehanovich Valeyev, Companion of the Order of Glory, born in Utyashkino; Boris Sergeyevich Chekin, Hero of the Soviet Union, born in Volchya Sloboda.
The rayonâ€™s main mineral resource is oil. Several companies work in oil extraction on the territory of Novosheshminsky rayon. Novosheshminsky has more than five thousand private farming households, which makes small and medium business an important element of the rayonâ€™s economy. The rayon has several large agricultural enterprises, about 300 private farmsteads, 23 schools and 19 kindergartens. The healthcare network comprises the Central Rayon Hospital, Zireklinsky rayon hospital and 23 medical and obstetric stations.
The youth of the area are actively going in for physical culture and sports at the all-purpose Olympus Sports Hall, Youth Sport School and the Azhanan Teenage Sport Club.
Culture is one of the most important ways of satisfying human needs â€” spiritual, intellectual, self-developmental. The rayon is home to a number of impressive folk groups â€” Ryabinushka, Arkhangelskaya Krasa, Sureke, Ilem and Suvenir. Folk singers frequently perform at the local House of Culture and 24 rural community centers. Cultural education is promoted by a children's art school, cinema network and the Museum of folk art and everyday life in the village of Zirekly.
... If you visit this beautiful place, have a look at its main treasure â€” clear springs. They are very numerous here, 77 all in all, of which 42 have been recently cleared up and the adjacent area redeveloped. People of the rayon love and cherish springs as their pride, as one of the most important gifts of Mother Nature. Water is life, and a spring is the best place for villagersâ€™ recreation, as they say in Novosheshminsk.
When another spring is cleared up and saved from disappearance, local residents organize a festival, repeated then at each anniversary. For instance, the opening of Nail Babay spring at the village of Shahmaykino brought together its residents and guests from many neighboring villages, as well as from Naberezhnye Chelny, Almetyevsk and Kazan. One of them was the Peopleâ€™s Poet of Tatarstan, laureate of the Tuqay Prize Ildar Yuzeyev.
It is impossible to describe the cold and fresh taste of icy spring water on a hot summer afternoon. It's hard to put into words the feelings of joy and harmony with nature, rising from the depth of your soul to the sound of the spurting and bubbling water.
People of Novosheshminsky rayon love water... Perhaps this is why so many young men, on conscription, choose to serve in the Navy. The rayon acts as a patron of the 41th Missile Boat Brigade, Black Sea Fleet. The Novosheshminsk soul, yearning for watery expanses, has found another opening for its passion: the local high school invites the crew of the Samoom to all school holidays. While still at secondary school, many people of Novosheshminsky rayon dream of doing their military service on board of this ship, which, by the way, was also built in Tatarstan â€” at the Zelenodolsk shipyard.